Columbia Military Prison
Union Officer POW Camps
Background

  My interest in the Columbia Military Prison is accidental. My great grandfather (John Samuel Brasington) was mustered into a State Troops Unit (3rd South Carolina Regiment of State Troops, Company I) in November 1864, as a 16 year old private. I wanted to find out all I could about his service and experiences. I had to go thru several SC Infantry units numbered 3 before coming on the 3rd Battalion of State Troops, Senior Reserves, formed in July 1864, which seem to be his unit. This led me to Florence Stockade then Columbia Military Prison. In that process I found his unit muster and a newspaper article published in 1890 written by another private in his company.

  Not wanting the data I accumulated to be lost, I expanded the effort to document the 8 battalions raised in July 1864 and the 4 regiments raised in November 1864. There has been no real effort to document South Carolina's commitment of her youth to the Lost Cause of the Confederacy. Reasons are many but probably due to lack of major battle experience. The story is not there but in the effort. While they performed second line duties, these same duties were performed by more seasoned Federal troops and freed up more seasoned Confederate troops to do the important work of killing Yankees.

  These units were not without deaths. It may never be possible to determine the extent but disease claimed at least 65 in Columbia and several were killed in accidents related to their duties, and battles and skirmishes claimed some.


  My long term goal is to accumulate enough information to publish a book for inclusion in the resources of the South Archives. If you have any information about these units or their members, please E-Mail me at: