The Baptist Churches of Robeson Co NC, have a heritage unlike the main stream of
most Southern Baptist Churches. While, the Southern Baptist Churches claims
their sole lineal descent from the "Separate Baptist" who arose out of the Great
Awakening, our lineage is found to be much different. Infact, our lineage is
more of the "Primitive Baptist" than anything else. Originally, our Baptist in
England and Wales embraced the "Particular" principles of the London Confession
of Faith. This Confession was considered as being very Calvinistic in view.
Later, after coming to America, we were under the Philadelphia Confession of
Faith, which was modeled after the London Confession. The churches of the
Carolinas also fell under the Philadelphia Confession.
During the Revolutionary War period of our Nation's history, there were attempts
to combine the fellowships of the Particulars, by that time call Regulars, and
the Separates; however, the attempts failed. The Separates refused to commune
with the Regulars, because they felt that were stuck up, and the Regulars
refused to commune with the Separates, because they felt that they were unruly
in their worship. Other attempts were made, but a union of the two did not
actually take place until the 1780's. After the union, still small issues had
to be dealt with, and it was not until after 1830, when a final division was
made over the issues of Missions.
The Baptist of Robeson Co NC can trace our Baptist Lineage back to the Welsh
Baptist, via the church in Wales, via the church in Delaware, via the church on
Pee Dee in South Carolina, via through one her daughter churches, and then
through missionaries from there, who came to North Carolina and constituted the
first church here in Robeson Co NC. From that first church here, others sprang
forth, and in Biblical terms, became fruitful and multiplied. The churches here
were first under the watchful eye of the old Kehukee Baptist Association, 1769;
then the Neuse Baptist Association, 1794; and then the Cape Fear Baptist
Association, 1805. Later, in 1883, the churches in Robeson Co NC withdrew from
the parent association, and formed the Robeson Baptist Association.
There were, and are, other Baptist Churches here in the Robeson Baptist
Association. For genealogical purposes, I have only listed those constitited
1900 or before. I am the Historian of the Robeson Baptist Association;
therefore I have this list. There are, however, two other Baptist Associations
here, that I do not have a list of their churches. These are the churches of
the Burnt Swamp Baptist Association, which consist of predominently Native
American Baptist Churches, and the churches of the Lumber River Baptist
Association, which consist of predominently African American Baptist Churches.
Regardless of the association of which belong, we all have common ground by
having received Believer's Baptism, through faith in Jesus Christ, our Lord and
Saviour, and through embracing the Great Commission. By His Grace, we all have
received enlightment, and thus are Heirs of the Kingdom.
Sam West, Historian.
Those Baptist Churches of the Robeson Baptist Association, which were
constituted in 1900 and before are as now follows:
ANTIOCH, originally Burnt Islands, constituted in 1817, reorganized and name
changed in 1842. Located in eastern Robeson Co NC in Wishart's Township.
BACK SWAMP, originally Mount Pisgah, constitued in 1839. Located in central
Robeson Co NC in Back Swamp Township.
BARNESVILLE, originally Spring Hill. Constituted in 1871. Located in southern
Robeson Co NC in Sterlings Township.
BEULAH, constituted in 1899. Located in southeastern Robeson Co NC in Wishart's
BLOOMINGDALE, constituted 1890. Located in southern Robeson Co NC in Orrum
CEDAR GROVE, constituted in 1882. Located in central eastern Robeson Co NC in
CENTERVILLE, constituted in 1886. Located in south central Robeson Co NC in
Back Swamp Township.
CLYBONVILLE, constituted in 1867. Formerly known as Clybourne Church. Located
in western central Robeson Co NC in Lumberton Township.
EBENEZER, constituted about 1844, now extinct. Once located in southern Robeson
FAIRMONT FIRST, constituted in 1801. Saddletree was the mother church. Located
in south central Robeson Co NC in Fairmont Township. Claims of 1792 as being
date of constitution; however, new evidence of that time period, reveals that
actual constitution date was 1801.
GREAT MARSH, constituted in 1872. Located in northeastern Robeson Co NC in St.
GREEN SPRINGS, constituted in 1858. Located in northern Robeson Co NC in
HOG SWAMP, constituted as a Free Will in 1843, reconstituted as a Regular in
1869. Located in south central Robeson Co NC in Smyrna Township.
JACKSON SWAMP, constituted in 1879, dissolved in 1904. Located in Wishart's
Township in eastern Robeson Co NC. Forerunner of Singletary Cross Roads and
Zion Hill Baptist Churches.
LEBANON, constituted in 1833, discolved in 1844. Located near Lumberton, NC.
After dissolution most members went to Antioch, Back Swamp and Saddletree
LONG BRANCH, constituted in 1876. Located in south central Robeson Co NC in
LUMBER BRIDGE, constituted in 1835, originally known as Providence. Located in
northern Robeson Co NC in Lumber Bridge Township. This is probably the only
Baptist Church in Robeson Co NC, whose origins are found in the Scottish
Baptist, and not the Welch Baptist.
LUMBERTON FIRST, constituted 1855, originally known as Lumberton Baptist Church.
Located in central Robeson Co NC in Lumberton Township.
MAXTON, FIRST, constituted in 1891, originally known as Maxton Baptist Church.
Located in western Robeson Co NC in Maxton Township.
MOUNT ELIM, constituted in 1832. Located in southern Robeson Co NC in Orrum
MOUNT MORIAH, constituted in 1852. Located in western Robeson Co NC in
OAKTON, constituted in 1899. Located in southern Robeson Co NC in Orrum
ORRUM, constituted in 1827, originally known as Big Branch. Located in southern
Robeson Co NC in Orrum Township.
PARKTON, constituted in 1897. Located in northern Robeson Co NC in Parkton
PLEASANT GROVE, now extinct. One located in Rowland Township in southern
Robeson Co NC.
PLEASANT HOPE, constituted in 1895. Located in southern Robeson Co NC in Back
RAFT SWAMP, constituted in 1854. Located in western central Robeson Co NC in
Raft Swamp Township.
RED SPRINGS FIRST, constituted in 1881, orginally known as Red Springs Baptist
Church. Located in northwest Robeson Co NC in Red Springs Township.
ROWLAND FIRST, constituted in 1892, orginally known as Rowland Baptist Church.
Located in southwest Robeson Co NC in Rowland Township.
ROZIER, constituted in 1897. Located in north central Robeson Co NC in
SADDLETREE, constituted previous to 1788, now extinct. First Baptist church to
be established within the bounds of Robeson Co NC. Located in north central
Robeson Co NC in Saddletree Township.
SINGLETARY, constituted in 1900, originally known as Singletary's Cross Roads
Baptist Church. Located in eastern Robeson Co NC in Wishart's Township.
TEN MILE, constituted in 1873. Located in north central Robeson Co NC in West
TOLARSVILLE, constituted in 1874. Located in northeastern Robeson Co NC in West
WHITE POND, constituted in 1872. Located in southern Robeson Co NC in Fairmont
ZION'S TABERNACLE, constituted in 1859. Located in eastern Robeson Co NC in
East Howellville Township.