Census Records Online
Tax Lists and other Census Substitutes
Census Tools and Reference
A FEW NOTES ABOUT THE 1880 FEDERAL CENSUS FOR MARION COUNTY:
When collecting data from the columns "born in year" and "married in year",
keep in mind that the "census year"
ran from June 1st of 1879 to June 1st of 1880.
- Soundex (Index to 1880)
The 1880 census index, known as the SOUNDEX, is available on microfilm from NARA and it
is a wonderful locating tool. However, please keep in mind that it is only a PARTIAL index in that the
Soundex films contain only the names of families with children age 10 and under.
The Soundex for South Carolina (all counties) is contained on
NARA Microfilm # T771 (56 rolls)
The Soundex Coding System
The Soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way
a surname sounds rather than the way it is spelled. Surnames that
sound the same, but are spelled differently, like SMITH and
SMYTH, have the same code and are filed together. The Soundex
coding system was developed to find a surname even though it may
have been recorded under various spellings. Every Soundex code
consists of a letter and three numbers, such as W252. The letter
is always the first letter of the surname whether it is a
consonant or a vowel. The numbers are assigned to the remaining
consonants of the surname according to the Soundex guide.
NARA's Soundex Machine can code your family's surname
- Population schedule:
Contained on NARA Microfilm Rolls # T9-1234 (part) and T9-1235 (2nd part)
- Agricultural Schedule
The 1880 census has an additional set of schedules which are little known and seldom used by most researchers.
The "Supplemental Schedules 1-7: Defective, Dependent and Delinquent Classes" (DDD Schedules).
If individuals were classified as "insane" or "idiotic", were in prison, deaf/mute, blind, had a sickness/disability, were
homeless children, or paupers and indigents, the census takers were required to go to one of
the 7 schedules set aside for these categories and ask additional, detailed questions of these individuals,
if they were capable of answering, or of their caretaker(s), if they were not capable of answering.
- Florence County was formed in 1888, taking four townships from
western Marion County:
Jeffries, McMillan, Cain (includes town of Pamplico), and Pee Dee.
- Dillon County was formed in 1910, taking six townships from
upper Marion County:
Bethea, Carmichael, Harleesville, Hillsboro, Kirby, and Manning.
- An Old Marion Township map can be found
(Please read note at the top of the transcriptions page.)
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