Blanchard's Brigade of State Troops
Jan - Apr 1865
Blanchard, Albert Gallatin, Brigadier General, born 6 September 1810 in
Charleston, Massachusetts, appears to have graduated from Massachusetts Cadet
Military Academy 1 July 1825 and then West Point in 1829. Brevet 2nd Lieutenant
3rd US Infantry 1 July 1829, he was assigned Jefferson Barracks,Jul 1829-1830
in Missouri. Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant 31 Aug 1833, he was transferred to Ft
Jesup, LA for the period of 1834-1837, where he was promoted to 1st
Lieutenant, 30 Oct 1836.
He resigned from the US Army 1 Oct 1840 and moved to New Orleans, LA whrer he
married a 2nd wife 5 Jan 1840. He was involved business transaction in New
Orleans and was associated with the construction of railroad lines around New
Orleans. But in 13 May 1846 the Mexican War started and he formed a LA company
to go to Mexico and served as a Captain independent Company Louisiana
Volunteers. He was credited with some several battles in Mexico-Phoenix Company
at the Bishop's Palace ; honorable mustered out 16 May 1847; Major 12 infantry
27 May 1847; honorable discharge 25 July 1848.
Enlisted 1st Louisiana Infantry, New Orleans, 28 April 1861. Unlike most of the
Northern-born Rebels, Blanchard was trusted with combat command immediately.
Roll to 30 June 1861, he took his men to Richmond,VA as a Colonel and then
promoted by the Louisiana Gov Moore to a Brigadier General at Norfolk,
Virginia, on 21 September 1861. He was involved in the Seven days war He was
involved in the Battles at Seven Pines- he was relieved of command in Virginia
and sent to Monroe, Lousiana when the US Army launched a large attack on the
western shore of the Mississippi the troops at his command was 25,000 and the
US Army used about 75,000 troops. General Blanchard was relieved of his field
command in Louisiana. In fairness to Blanchard, it should be noted that he was
heavily outnumbered and that most of his men were new conscripts, hardly a
match for veteran Federals under Grant in Lousiana and Sherman on South and
Although his value as a field commander was suspect, he actively sought an
assignment by Chestnut. By 20 January 1865, he is a command of a brigade of
South Carolina Reserve troops,
South Carolina Senior Reserves in Mercer's Brigade. It appears afterwards, his
designation was upgraded to Brigadier status under General William J. Hardee, C.
S. Army. He lost his brigade command position during a reorganization of
Joseph Johnston's Army late in the War. He and his old brigade troops laid down
their arms 26 April 1865 Bentonville, NC. It is unclear to me of his status at
A surveyor, he died in New Orleans 21 June 1891.
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