The South Carolina Military Academy
The Arsenal
Companies A and B

Faculty Officers

SurName, Given Name Rank Remarks
Thomas, John Peyre Captain born 17 March 1833 and was in the class of 1851 at The Citadel, Superintendent of the Arsenal during The War, and was probably the most important person in getting The Citadel re-established in 1882. He died 11 February 1912.
Patrick, John Bellinger 1st Lieutenant  
Norris, Alfred Junius 2nd Lieutenant  
Sams, Robert Oswald 2nd Lieutenant  
Knight, Benjamin H. 2nd Lieutenant ( Bursar )  
Sams, Melvin Melius Surgeon  

Cadets (All 4th Classmen)

SurName, Given Name District Remarks
Adger, Andrew Moffett Charleston  
Allston, Charles Petigru Georgetown  
Allston, Thomas Pinckney Georgetown  
Bacot, Daniel Huger Charleston  
Baker, John E. Charleston  
Barbot, Charles Charleston  
Bates, Benjamin Franklin Spartanburg  
Bates, Lucius Bellinger Orangeburg  
Bee Jr., James Moultrie Charleston  
Bettis, John Miller Edgefield  
Blair, David G. York  
Blakeney, Albert Chesterfield  
Bonney, Francis Broome Lee Kershaw born about 1849
Boyd, James S. Beaufort born about 1848
Boyle, Woodson Fairfield Previously served in 3rd Battalion of State Troops (1864-65) under Captain John McLurkin
Brooks, Duncan Greenville  
Brown, Albert Ovid Anderson  
Brown, Charles J. Georgetown  
Browning, Thomas Smyth Charleston  
Bulow, John Charles Fairfield  
Butler, William Moses Clarendon  
Campbell, Eli Scott Lancaster born abt 1847
Carothers, William Meek York  
Carpenter, William Willoughby Charleston  
Carrère ( Carriere ), Charles Edward Charleston Son of Dr. Maynard Edward and Mary Wilkinson Legare Carrère, born 18 July 1849 & family tradition has him born at his mother's ancestral home, Mullet Hall on John's Island. He married Martha Elizabeth Purse on 31 July 877. He died 1 Jan 1893 in Charleston and is buried in St. Lawrence Cemetery, Charleston. Thier children were Mary Legare (called May), Martha Elizabeth (called Mattie), Charles Edward (died without issue). William Henry (called Willie) and Augustus Fitch (called Gus).
Chatham, Thomas Sumter Abbeville  
Colclough, John Ashby Sumter  
Cunningham, Robert Noble Charleston  
Cunningham, William Arthur Kershaw born 13 Aug 1848, died 19 Oct 1932, buried Liberty Hill Presbyterian Church Cemetery
Davant, Augustine D. Beaufort  
Dean, James Lawrence Anderson  
Dean, Leonard Yancey    
Dean, Mills Spartanburg  
de Veaux, Walter Peyre Charleston  
Dozier, John Francis Georgetown  
Edgerton, Joseph Ives Charleston  
Elliott, Henry De Saussure Beaufort  
Epps, John Law Newberry  
Evans, Benjamin Albert Lancaster born 25 Jan 1847, died 28 May 1902 in Jefferson, Chesterfield County
Fishburne, Cotesworth Pinckney Colleton  
Fishburne, William Josiah Colleton  
Fisher, Walter E. Charleston  
Gaillard, Benjamin Sloan Anderson  
Gaillard, Louis Leroy Anderson  
Galluchat Jr., Joseph Sumter  
Gannon, Michael John Charleston  
Gantt, Earle Pickens born about 1845
Geiger, William A. Lexington  
Grady, William Sims Greenville  
Graham, Michael Willis Barnwell  
Graham, Thomas William Horry  
Grant, George Horry  
Gray, Charles Jacob Barnwell  
Harp, William I. Newberry  
Hart, Thomas W. Darlington  
Henderson, Robert Harllee Marion  
Heyward, Robert Barnwell Charleston  
Hodges, John Lawrence Marlboro  
Hubbell, Edward S. Orangeburg  
Hughes, Beatty F. Union  
Ingram, William D. Chesterfield  
Jones, E. J.   born 1 June 1848
Johnson Jr., Benjamin Jenkins Pickens born about 1845
Johnson, David Union  
Johnstone, Francis Withers Spartanburg  
Lanneau, Charles Blum Charleston  
Larissey, Henry Mood Colleton  
Latta, Robert James York  
Latimer, William C. Abbeville  
Lee, George Washington Sumter Sergeant, Cadet Battalion
Lewis, John Baylis Anderson Previously served in 1st Regiment of State Troops (1864-65) under Captain Thomas H. Hall
Lipscombe, Francis Wilkinson Pickens Newberry  
Lorick, William Washington Lexington was born 22 August 1848 in Lexington County, died 15 February 1886 in Lexington County, and is buried Bethlehem Lutheran Church Cemetery, Irmo, Lexington County.
Lowry, James Ernest York  
Madden, Patrick Henry Lancaster  
Mangum, Johnnie C. Chesterfield  
Martin, William Evans Barnwell  
Matthews, Charles Graves York  
Maxcy, Jonathon Richland  
McBee, Frank Butler Greenville  
McConnell, William Evans Greenville  
McCue, General George Washington Barnwell  
McCullough, David Shields Greenville  
McCullough, John James Williamsburg  
McKay, John Coachman Charleston  
McKewn, George Robert Orangeburg  
Miles, David Franklin Marion  
Miller, William Gray Pickens  
Miller, William Martin Laurens  
Mims, Mark Abbey Edgefield  
Nichols, E. C. Richland  
Norris, James Pope Edgefield  
O'Brien, Andrew Flynn Colleton  
O'Dell, William Taylor Pickens born 21 May 1847, died 19 May 1933, buried Clayton, Stephen Family Cemetery, Pickens County
Owens, B. H.    
Owens, Ell L. Barnwell  
Paine Jr., Edward Tattnall Charleston  
Parrott, J. W. Darlington  
Parrott, Thomas Hardee Darlington  
Pearson, Philip Richland  
Pitts, Robert M. Sumter  
Powell, William B. Richland  
Prentice, Robert J. Colleton  
Prioleau, Edward Harleston Charleston  
Rawls, Benjamin Andrew    
Reed, Walter F. Colleton  
Reid, Samuel Henry Chesterfield  
Reeves, James B. Charleston  
Reynolds, John Schreiner Charleston  
Richardson, John Madison Edgefield  
Ripley, John Calhoun Charleston  
Robinson Jr., James Kirk Charleston  
Rogers, John Terrell Marlboro  
Ryan, Thomas A. Charleston  
Sams, Barnwell Stanyarne Beaufort  
Sams, Joseph Edings Charleston  
Sanders, W. A.    
Schipman, James Harris Charleston  
Sheppard, Lafayette Edgefield  
Sheppard, Walter Scott Edgefield  
Sigwald, Edward C. Charleston  
Silcox, Ferdinand Augustus Charleston  
Simons III, Keating Lewis Charleston  
Sistrunk, George Spartanburg  
Small, James C. Georgetown  
Smith, Thomas Ogier Charleston  
Smyth, Joseph Ellison Adger Charleston  
Stackhouse, James Marion  
Stephenson, Daniel H. Chester  
Stephenson, Henry McNeil Chester
Stewart, James Mushatt Fairfield  
Strauss, Henry Clay Abbeville  
Strohecker, Thomas Hamlin Charleston  
Sullivan Jr., George Washington Laurens Previously served in 4th Regiment of State Troops (1864-65) under Captain Ligon
Taylor, Charles G. Richland  
Thomas, William Rosborough Fairfield  
Vance, Samuel Watson Pickens  
Villepigue, J. Frederick    
Walker, George O. Edgefield  
Walker, George Williams Union  
Waller, Edward Henry Abbeville  
Ward, Theodore O. Pickens  
Waring, Edward Perry Charleston  
Wienges, Jacob Conrad Charleston  
Williams, Archibald Campbell Colleton  
Williams, William Colleton  
Willingham IV, Thomas Henry Barnwell  
Wilson, Edward Morton Charleston  
Wilson, Matthew Harvey Abbeville  
Withers, Andrew Springs York  
Witherspoon, Charles LeRoy Williamsburg  
Youmans, Augustus Marion Beaufort

After numerous and bloody slave rebellions in the early 1800's, the damand to educate our young in military matters required. "The Rice Kings" downstate required a local fcaility to send their youn men and The Citadel was opened in Charleston. As usual, upstate planters were accomdayed by Arsenal's establishment in Columbia in 1842 to train 4th Classmen (freshmen) and afterwards they could apply for admission to The Citadel.

Alfred Herbert, 1842-1845
Joseph Matthews, 1845-1856
Charles Courtney Tew, 1856-1858
James Benjamin White, 1858-1861
John Peyre Thomas, 1861-1865

These young met the POW train from Charleston in Sept 1863 and impressed these Union Officers as well equipped and professionally drilled. The escorted them to Camp Sorghum and provided guard duty, along with the 32nd Georgia untial relived by ubits from the Senior Reserves. Activity after that is not known to me until the events in Cadet Baylis article on the Last Days of The Arsenal

Sherman's forces looted and burned The Arsenal to the ground, as an incumator of Rebel officers. It was not rebuilt after The War.

My source of this uniqe data is Palmetto Bookworks where a great deal more can be found. including an excellent book on the Citadel.

This should not be confused with The Columbia Arsenal, part of the Quartermaster function, which was under the command of Major J. T. Trezevant, Charleston Arsenal Battalion, South Carolina.

The only building of the Arsenal to escape Sherman's burning of Columbia was the officers' barracks, originally constructed in 1855, seen in this 1907 postcard view

It is located on Richmond Street between Lincoln and Gadsden Streets. "It is a simple Post-Colonial white stuccoed two-story building, with green paneled shutters." It functions as the Governor's Mansion, the official residence of the Governor of South Carolina.

If you have any information about these troops or this unit, please contact me at

Bil Brasington