The Southern Cross of Honor

Authorized by an act of the Confederate Congress, approved October 13, 1862, "for the grateful recognition of the valor of officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the armies of the Confederate States, conspicuous for courage and good conduct on the field of battle".

After the War, General Robert E Lee was asked why the Confederacy never awarded any medals. He replied that medals were given to heros and every Confederate soldier was a hero so they would have no meaning.

Despite the Confederate Congress' resolution, the medal was not actually produced until the end of the 19th Century, when the UDC designed and produced them. As the United daughters of the Confederacy says, "due to wartime shortages the medals could not be made, but the men's names were recorded in an Honor Roll preserved in the Adjutant Inspector General's records 'for reference in all future time.'" By 1913, they had bestowed 78,761 medals on Confederate veterans or their survivors.