South Carolina State Troops Battalions
Senior Reserves
Seed Corn Units
1864-1865

Mustered into State Service July 1864
Mustered into Confederate Service December 1864
Ceased to Exist 9 April 1965

1st Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Greenville
    Newberry
    Spartanburg
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Major Daniel Williams
    Major D. Joel Ballenger
  Rosters:
      Companies A-K

2nd Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Anderson
    Abbeville
    Greenville
    Barnwell
    Oconee
    Pickens
    Spartanburg
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Major D. J. Barnette
  Rosters:
      Companies A-H

3rd Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Chester
    Fairfield
    Union
    York
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Lieutenant Colonel William Perry Gill
  Rosters:
      Companies A-E

4th Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Abbeville
    Laurens
    Newberry
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Lieutenant Colonel James Henderson Williams
  Rosters:
    Companies A-E

5th Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Chesterfield
    Clarendon
    Kershaw
    Lancaster
    Richland
    Sumter
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas R. Brown
  Rosters:
    Companies A-F

6th Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Edgefield
    Lexington
    Orangeburg
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Major Robert Merriwether ( Merewether )
  Rosters:
    Companies A-E

7th Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Darlington
    Georgetown
    Horry
    Marlboro
    Marion
    Williamsburg
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Major James W. Ward
    Adjunct W. A. Rogers
  Rosters:
    Companies A-F

8th Battalion
  Districts Represented:
    Barnwell
    Beaufort
    Charleston
    Colleton
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Major S. H. Stallings
    Major W. W. Hutto
  Rosters:
    Companies A-C

Columbia Local Defense Regiment
  Districts Represented:
    Richland
  Commanding Officer
    Colonel John Peyre Thomas
  Rosters:
    10 Companies

Independent Cavalry
  Districts Represented:
    Charleston
    Colleton
    Greenville
    Pickens
    Spartanburg
    Union
  Commanding Officer(s}
    Captain William Terrell Wilkins
  Roster:
    Spartan Rangers

Note:
The units were formed as battalions as a result of the large areas covered and the need to have them close enough to be called up quickly. A South Carolina Battalion generrally had 5 companies, while the number in units varied from 3 to 10. The callup of 23 June was of 47 companies with approximately 3,000 troops into 9 Battalions. Under CSA comscription act revision of 1864, these units were to be outfitted and paid by Richmond and Chestnut would report to Richmond. However, the troops were to be used only within the state boundaries.
The troops ranged were boys of 17 and 18 and men of between 45 and 50. There appear to be some men in the age gaps, mostly those who were CSA exempt for agreeing to provide goods and services to the CSA and agreed to below market prices. Most of the men and some of the boys had some experience, either in regular units or in previous callups of the State Troops. They original muster rolls appear to have been lost to history, probably destroyed when Sherman torched Columbia, the location of the headquarters of the State reserves.

Seed Corn Page


If you have any information about these troops or these units, please contact

Bil Brasington