James Gill born before c1782 died after 1820.  First shows up in Bulloch Co., GA in 1811 (Bulloch Co. was created in 1796 at least partly from Effingham Co.), apparently was in Effingham Co., GA c1790-5, removed to Marion Co., MS in 1811.

I think this James Gill was a South Carolina Loyalist.  I believe he is a son of Thomas Gill, son of James Gill, because of all of the links back to Laurens Co., where Thomas was located before the revolutionary war.  Thomas Gill's documented son, John Gill, apparently has both Loyalist and Patriot records, which was not uncommon at the time.  He could also be a son of Thomas Gill's brother, John Gill, but I think he is Thomas'.  I suspect he can only be one or the other.

A James Gill, born before 1758-63, was a Loyalist in the Revolutionary War.  Loyalists in the Southern Campaign, by Murtie June Clark, 1981, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, p316, pay record, Col. Thos. Pearson's Regt., Little River Militia, 96 Brigade Aug.-Oct. 1782, enlisted 3 Nov. 1779; p318, Col. Thos. Pearson's Regt., Little River Militia, 96 Brigade, Charleston 1782.

A James Gill and a Robert Gill show up with Headrights and Bounty Grants in Effingham Co., GA 1790-95.  They would have to be 21 to appear in these records, or born at least before 1774.

These three Gills are consistent with the ages of sons of John Gill who died in 1822 in Allendale-Barnwell records.  They were not sons of Richard Gill or Valentine Gill (Allendale-Barnwell).  However, they appear to have removed in 1811 and remained in Mississippi, as they are still there in 1820.  Therefore, they would appear not to be sons of John, as his sons Thomas and Robert were still in South Carolina after 1811.

28 Jan. 1811, passports through the Creek Nation were requested for among others: Mr. Robert Gill with his wife (no children, presumed young, 21 or so?), one for Messrs James Gill with his wife & 7 children (age >21+7), & Thomas Gill with wife & 5 children (age >21+5) all from Bullock county GA (adjacent to Screvin and Effingham Co., near the Savannah River, just across that river from the Allendale, SC. area where "our" Gills resided). Others of our clan resided here later. Given the above information, these three likely were brothers, with an inferred age sequence of James, Thomas, Robert. Estimated minimum birth years are 1782, 1785, and 1789, all comfortably after the Revolutionary War (not much begetting in this area from 1777-80).

James Gill b<c1782, 7 children in 1811, (age >21+7).  7 children born on or before 1811.

James, Thomas, and Robert are consistent with sons of John Gill of Barnwell, 1759-1822.  They are not sons of Richard Gill born <c1767. This Thomas certainly matches the age of mine (married Mary Wilson), and the census ages of his children are consistent with census age. Oh woe, thunder, and damnation! We know that our Thomas was in Barnwell in the summer of 1810 for the census, and again in October of 1813 when he bought land from Isaac Bourdeaux, so he either returned, decided not to go, or these three belong to another branch of the family!  I vote for the latter, i.e. these three belong to another branch of the family.

These three show up in Marion Co., MS in 1816, and they appear to still be in Mississippi in the 1820 census, so they must not be sons of John  Gill of Barnwell who died in 1822!

1816 Mississippi Territorial Census, James Gill 1 WM >21, 6 WM<21, 1 WF>21, 4WF<21, no slaves.  Probably born 1816-(21+10) or <1785.  With him in the census are Thomas Gill born <1795, no children, and Robert Gill born <1795, no children.

In 1820 James Gill is still in Marion County, born <1775, 3 WM<10, 1 WM10-16, 2 WM 16-26, 1 WM >45, 2 WF<10, 1 WF 10-16, 1 WF 16-26, 1 WF 26-45.  Thomas Gill is with him in Marion County, Robert M. Gill has removed to Wilkinson Co., living alone.

None seem to be present in 1830.  James Gill had a moderately large family.  Mr. Cupit reports a James Gill died in Lawrence Co., MS in 1823.

James Gill born <1774 apparently died 1820-30, wife born 1775-1794.  Removed from Georgia to Mississippi in 1811.

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Copyright ©1998-2006, Frank Oliver Clark, Ph.D., all rights reserved. These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same. Please send any errors, corrections, conjectures, updates, etc. to Dr. Frank O. Clark.