VI. Thomas Gill c1780(<c1787)-(1838-40)?, son of John Gill, who died in Barnwell County, SC in 1822. Thomas Gill married Mary Wilson. Thomas Gill was born in Allendale, SC, GA, or FL, depending on which record is believable (I think SC). Land Plat mosaic from plats in Barnwell Court House Plat books. Thomas Gill lived in what is now Allendale County, SC until 1822 (Barnwell County at that time). More extensive records will be posted in the future.

Mary Wilson born c1780? - died 1861 (before 4 March)

Thomas Gill is documented as the father of Allen Jerry Gill and the husband of Mary Wilson Gill from estate proceedings of Reddin Wilson (1836 reference below). 1861 Barnwell probate records document Mary Wilson Gill as Allen Jerry Gill's mother, from land she inherited from her father, Reddin Wilson. The Returns from the period of Reddin's death were missing from the Barnwell Probate Office in 1982, and Mary's Gill husband was not definitely identified. However, at that time an excellent circumstantial case had been built up that Thomas Gill was Mary's husband. In October 1982, I (FOC) literally read everything in the probate office and found an old journal on the very top of the estate packages marked "Day Book" with a piece of tape on the front cover which read "Sales of Land 1826-42". On pages 67 through 72 of this volume are found the proceedings of the sale of Reddin Wilson's land. On the first page of this record is found the statement (page 67 op. cit.) ".... that Thomas Gill and Mary Gill, his wife, formerly Mary Wilson, two of the dependents reside without the limits of this state (punctuation is as it appears).

Thomas had land in his name in September 1808 (Barnwell Plat Book 8 p496 and Book 2 p56, 636 acres on Powell's Branch of The Big Salkehatchie). He was at least 21 at this time to legally hold land, so he was born before 1787. The 1810, 1820, and 1830 censuses yield a birth range of 1790-94 for him. The 1850 census age of Mary, if she is correctly identified, indicates that she was born c1773-80, during or shortly after the Revolutionary war. Mary may have been born c1790-1800, although my 1850 census identification of Mary places her birth c1780 (she was listed 70 in the 1850 census, if correctly identified). Census ages are notoriously inaccurate.

Thos. Gill 636a

The first Barnwell reference to Thomas Gill is a state land grant in 1809 (from Andrea's Gill paper), Index II, Thomas Gill, state land grant for 636 acres of land in Barnwell County 6 March 1809, with a plat. The plat is in Barnwell Plat Book p496, and shows neighbors Eli Bassett and Edward Platts, and the rest vacant. The land lies astride Powell's Branch of the "Big Saltketcher." The plat of Eli Bassett shows "Long Branch".

Only 100 acres of Thomas Gill's land was sold at public auction when it was seized in 1823. This 100 acres should be described on a plat according to the relevant deed. This plat has not yet been located. The dispensation of the remainder of his land has not been determined.

Thomas Gill is listed in the 1810 census on page 76, 1 m <10, 1 m 16-26, 1 f 16-26, and no slaves, three lines after Mary Edenfield (>45, perhaps she was the widow of Thomas Edenfield, Jr. She is not the widow of Jesse Edenfield, listed separately, who married Mary Reding. Thomas is followed 6 lines later by William Southwell. Thomas was not immediately adjacent to any other Gills (pp 69, 73, and 74). His father, John, the elder, is listed on page 74 (as is James Gill). From the census proximity, it probably may be concluded that Thomas Gill lived very close to Mary Edenfield and Southwell.

It seems obvious to me from the ordering of the surnames in these censuses that adjacent census proximity does usually imply geographical proximity, while a lack of census proximity decidedly does not imply anything. I draw this conclusion from comparing landowners, who did not move around, and yet who mysteriously are adjacent in one census and not in another. I conclude that the census takers (once a decade recall) did not follow the same routes as they covered their area. Thus in 1800 we find the following quite close together (all on pages 54-55): William Edenfield, Mary Edenfield, David Edenfield, Richard Gill, Thomas Edenfield, and Valentine Gill; while in 1810 we find them spread out over pages 69, 73, 76, and 87.

A Thomas Gill, I think this was not ours, applied for a passport through the Creek Nation on 28 Jan. 1811, along with James and Robert Gill, perhaps brothers. The ages of Thomas and Mary's children are consistent with 5 children in 1811. We know that our Thomas was in Barnwell in the summer of 1810 for the census, and again in Oct. of 1813 when he bought land from Isaac Bourdeaux, so either he did not leave, or left and returned.

On 17 October 1813 Thomas Gill paid $155 to Isaac Bourdeaux for 155 acres of land bounded on the north by land of William Southwell and on all other sides by Maj. Alexander Juhan (Barnwell Deed Book S, p379). If he did in fact pass through the Creek Nation, he obviously returned by this date. His possible brother James, on the other hand, never reappears, and may have remained, or been killed. Perhaps this marks the beginning of Thomas' wandering. 23 October 1813. (recorded 8 Oct. 1832) Alexander Juhan states: "155 acres surveyed and sold "with my consent" by Isaac Bourdeaux to Thomas and Mary Gill for $155, and bounded on the north and northeast by lands of William Southwell, and on "other sides by land of mine". The wording implies that Juhan was not present for the transaction (Book S p380). Thomas' land now stands at 636+155 acres= 791 acres.

On 21 April 1814 (6 months later) Thomas and Mary Gill sold to William Southwell, Senior, for $170, 155 acres in Barnwell District bounded by Wm. Southwell on the N. & NE., and on all other sides by Alexander Juhan and Isaac Bourdeaux, wit. by Daniel Juhan. Thomas and Mary signed by mark (i.e. they were illiterate), wit. by William Southwell, Jr., and Ananiz(?) (Ananias?) Martin. 21 April 1814, Wm. Southwell, Jr. swore before Giles Miller, J.P. that the above was witnessed by him (Book S p381). This deed was recorded 8 Oct. 1832. His land now stands at 636 acres again. He gained $15 in this transaction in six months time, 10% of the value, minus fees to register the deed.

The census taken in the summer of 1820 shows Thomas Gill on the same page as John Gill (the elder, his father), and Elizabeth Gill (Valentine's widow), but this particular census was taken in an alphabetical book and the proximity is meaningless. Thomas is shown with 2 m <10, 1 m 18-26, 1 m 26-45, 4 f <10, 1 f 16-26, 5 persons engaged in agriculture.

Slaves of Thomas Gill

In general, this family did not own slaves. This Gill family consisted of small farmers who could not afford them. The 1820 census lists Thomas Gill with 3 male slaves <14, 3 f slaves <14, 1 f slave 14-26, which are a mystery. Thomas' slaves apparently represent a slave family without the male, a nonproductive slave family. Thomas likely acquired these slaves after 1810. John Gill the elder (Thomas' father) is not listed as owning slaves in the 1810 or 20 census. Nor were the slaves given to them by Mary Wilson Gill's father, Reddin Wilson (who lived until 1836). Reddin owned no slaves. Thomas may have inherited them from Hannah Gill, who sold three, and has been inferred to have freed three families, but I think Hannah may have been James Gill’s second wife, and if so not the blood kin of John Gill of Barnwell, Thomas’ father. She left estate to Valentine’s children, who were her blood kin, but apparently nothing to John, whom I conjecture to have been her stepson.

John Gill assaulted one Giles Miller.

31 October 1820. State vs Thomas Gill & Joseph Jackson. Assault and battery. It seems that some of the Jackson clan were scrappers too. No bill, Wilson? Williams, foreman. (Barnwell County Superior Court Sessions Journal, 1800-22). Alas, a repetition of the roughneck ways of his father, John Gill, and a portent of things to come. He got off. No bill means the jury found insufficient evidence to proceed.

Ordinary (Probate): On 12 August 1822 a citation was granted to Thomas Gill for the estate of John Gill, his father, lately deceased. Notice was published on 22 September 1822 at "Arnon Church by Mr. James Prescott, Preacher of the Gospel" (original record does not state "Mount Arnon," the name of the surviving church.). A note at the bottom of the citation states that $5 was received in the case from Mr. Gill, 3 Oct. 1822. Bond was posted by James Campbell and Edward J. Platts as security for $300. Appraisers appointed were: Lewis John, William Southwell, Jr., William McMillan, Thomas Riley, and William Baker. Tax was paid on the estate (amount and by whom not clear from original record).

Superior Court: 1 April 1822. State vs Thomas Gill, assault and battery, true bill Wm. Walker, foreman. Grand jury retired and returned with the following indictment and made these on the following returns (given above). From Jury #1, guilty, Miles Riley, foreman. The following line in the court record lists Matthew Moye guilty of the same (Barnwell Superior Court Sessions Journal p557).

6 April 1822. State vs Thomas Gill, assault & battery, sentence of the court was that the defendant should pay a fine of $50, be imprisoned a month, & remain committed until the fine and costs of prosecution are paid (op cit. p561).

6 April 1822. State vs Thomas Gill, assault and battery. On motion of the Solicitor General, it is ordered that a Bench Warrant be issued against the defendant to compel his attendance at the next term to answer to the indictment, and that when arrested he shall enter into recognizance himself in the sum of $300 and two Security in the sum of $150 each. Obviously Thomas Gill would not appear in court to answer the charges against himself! Clearly not a docile character!

Ordinary: On 12 August 1822, Thomas did put in an appearance at the court house, but to the Ordinary's office to probate the estate of his father, John Gill. Bond was posted on 14 October by James Campbell and Edward J. Platts as security in the amount of $300. Lewis John, William Southwell, Jr., William McMillan, Thomas Riley, and William Baker were appointed appraisers. Tax was paid on the estate.

4 Nov. 1822, Monday, Giles Miller vs. Thomas Gill, assault & battery, Martin (atty?), we find for the plaintiff in this case 12 1/2¢ & each party pays his own cost. James Haygood foreman (Barnwell Common Pleas Journal 1822-32, p7).

5 Nov. 1822, Tuesday, Samuel H. Pressey bearer vs. Thomas Gill, Sum Pro., W.W. Dunn atty, decree for plaintiff, $19 with interest from 1 Sept. 1820 plus costs (Barnwell Common Pleas Journal 1822-32, p20). Thomas Gill lost the suit by L.H. Pressley for a note, Dunn was his attorney, and he won $19 in 1822 (unmarked Barnwell book page 121).

Superior Court: 6 Nov. 1822, Wed. State vs Thomas Gill, assault and battery. No bill, Darling Peeples, foreman (he was a distant cousin of our Peeples). 7 Nov. 1822, Thursday. State vs Thomas Gill, assault and battery. The jury #1 was satisfied with the case and returned the following verdict: "We find the defendant guilty of assault and battery, James Hagood, foreman." The sentence of the Court was, that the defendant should be confined in jail one week.

On 21 November 1822 the perishable goods of John Gill's estate were sold (at 10 AM) for $41.50, document signed by Thomas Gill, James Campbell, and Edward J. Platts (implication here, as opposed to deed above, that Thomas could write). This probably indicates an unreliability of "marks" and "signatures."

Apparently Thomas took the proceeds from his father's estate and left the area!

(Barnwell Deeds page 102-105) 4 Feb. 1823. Indenture between John Walker, Esq., sheriff of Barnwell District, and George Collins. Whereas Thomas Gill was seized in his demesne (means possession of real estate as ones own, domain) as of fee or of(?) and in some other good and lawful estate of inheritance to him, and possessed of the lands and tenements described: Whereas also a certain Judgment was recovered by one Giles Miller against the said Thomas for the sum of $14 and costs of suit, to wit. Therefore it is considered the said Giles do recover against the said Thomas his damages so found by the jurors impanelled for that purpose, also $54.39 for his costs and charges against the said Giles by the said Court of Common Pleas now herewith his assent adjudged, and he the said Thomas in mercy and so forth. And whereas in pursuance and execution of said judgment, there was sued out of the said Court a certain writ of fieri facias, tested by the Honorable Elihu Hall Bay, Senior Associate Justice of the state, dated 4 Nov. 1822, commanding without delay that of the goods and chattels, house, lands and other hereditaments? and real estate of the said Thomas Gill, they should come to be levied the aforesaid sum of $68.39. Whereas sheriff John Walker did enter and seize upon and take into execution, the aforesaid tract of land, and after seizure thereof, and having given due and legal notice of exposing the same to public auction for and towards the payment and satisfaction of the said debt and costs, did on 4 Feb., being the first Monday of the month, between the hours of 11 AM and 3 PM, openly, publicly, and fairly according to the usage and custom of vendues, sell and dispose of the said tract of land lying in Barnwell Dist. containing 100 acres, with appurtenancy thereunto belonging unto the said George W. Collins for the sum of $46, being the highest and last bidder for the same. Witnessed by Edward W. Peyton and J.A. Owens?. Edward W. Peyton testified that he witnessed the above again on 31 Dec. 1824 to Ermon? Bondall, J.P. Recorded 31 Dec. 1824.

Thomas Gill still had his 636 acres, at least there is no record of sale. What became of the remaining 536 acres?

On 8 Oct. 1832, 8 years after the fact, the deed executed on 21 April 1814 in which Thomas and Mary Gill sold to William Southwell, Senior, for $170, 155 acres was finally recorded (Book S p381). Mrs. Hicks correctly points out that there is an anomaly here. She states that it is probable that something happened to prompt the recording of this deed in 1832. Perhaps this is the year in which Thomas Gill died?

Flee The State

Allen Jerry Gill grew up in Florida (1883 letter of J.C. Miller in the governors papers, SCDAH). We do not know for sure where Allen Jerry Gill was born, for at various times in the census and in the surviving court records he and others stated that he was born in: South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida!  Based on records, I think he probably was born in Thomas County, GA.

I conjecture that the wanderings of our family were as follows: Thomas and Mary were in Barnwell Co., S.C. in 1810 and 1820, although they may have been in adjacent Bullock Co., GA in 1811 if it was he, along with James and Robert, who applied for a pass through the Creek Nation. I believe these three who applied for the passport may have been Richard Gill's sons. Richard removed to Clarke County, Alabama and died there. If Thomas left, he returned in October 1813 to buy land from Isaac Bourdeaux. Thomas Gill and his family left the Allendale area in the winter of 1822-23, or perhaps in the Fall after Thomas refused to appear in court and before his land was seized. In 1830 they were in Thomas County, GA. and I surmise that they probably went directly there. Thus Allen Jerry Gill was born in Georgia if this is correct. In 1840 they seem to have been in Florida. Mary (S.M.?) apparently was in Jackson County, Florida, Thomas was off in the Indian Wars (which fits his innate nature), or dead, and the older sons had been shipped off back to Barnwell County, perhaps to be brought up with an older male around??

Neither Thomas nor Mary could be positively identified in the 1850 or 1860 censuses, and Mary positively was alive. I believe Mary Gill is probably the Mary Gill in Telfair Co., GA. in the 1850 census, although the census ages are not consistent (from census records of her and Thomas, she should have been 56, and the census listed 70, i.e. born c1780). This Mary Gill, 70, was listed as born in S.C. and living with one Samual Downing, 67, farmer from N.C. worth $50 in real estate (Telfair Co., GA.); Elisa, 39, born in S.C. (apparently his wife), Renatus b c1832 (m) SC., Samuel b c1834 Lowndes Co., GA.; Susannah b c1834 Lowndes Co.; George b c1835 Lowndes, Jackson b c1836 Lowndes, and William b c1838 Telfair County. Telfair County is roughly at the center of the triangle formed by Macon, Savannah, and Valdosta, GA., and on a straight line and about half way between Barnwell and Thomas Co., GA. Was Eliza Downing a daughter of Mary's? I consider this very likely. This is the only possible Mary amongst all of the indexed Gills in 1850 (I checked all Gills in S.C., GA., and Fla.). There is a female of the correct age to be Elisa with Thomas and Mary in the censuses of 1810, 20, and 30 (assuming Thomas County was correct). Her implied first born was in 1832; the dates are self consistent. It is here assumed that this is Mary Wilson Gill, and that "Elisa" is a daughter (#2 below). The earlier birth year for Mary is actually more consistent with those for Thomas as listed with his father, John Gill; and also with Mary when listed with Reddin in 1790, and 1800 as 16-26, gone in 1810. Perhaps there is a Bible record somewhere that can confirm this? This early birth year stretches the birth year of her known father, Reddin Wilson, and very strongly indicates that Reddin’s widow, Rebecca, was not Mary’s mother, i.e. Reddin married at least twice.

The 1860 census was not indexed at the time I was searching, but Mary was not in Barnwell or Beaufort Counties, S.C., nor Hamilton or Jackson counties, Fla. (note, some of the Florida census records were very difficult to read on microfilm). The Jackson County Florida census taker was obviously very meticulous from the manner in which the names were recorded. Neither Mary Gill nor any of the Downings were in Telfair County, Georgia in the 1860 census either (checked twice). She is somewhere in 1860. I could not find her in 2015 using the NEHGS server either. This is definitely worthy of significant effort.

The only way I can see to explain the very clear Hamilton County Florida connection at this time is that Mary and Thomas must have lived there for a while.

4 March 1861, Allen Jerry Gill probated the estate of his mother, Mary, and divided the proceeds of the sale of land inherited by her from her father, Reddin Wilson, in 1836. Sharing equally with him were W. T. and James W. Gill, brothers, and probably are the James W. Gill and William Gill identified in the 1850 and 1860 Hamilton County, Florida census. These are very likely to be correct, as James has children: William, Mary Ann, Thomas, James, and Jeremiah. William has children: William, and James. In 1850, James W. Gill has two older female Gills with him: Harriet Gill, 18, and Martha Gill, 15, whom I further assume to be daughters of Thomas and Mary Gill. (Unnamed) Children of the correct ages for them appear in the census records. James even named his sixth child Martha.

We can only wonder why did Thomas leave Barnwell instead of appearing in court in 1822?

The Florida locations of interest for this family are widespread. To recapitulate, some of this family apparently resided in: Jackson County, FL in 1840 (S.M. Gill, Jackson is sort of continuing on the straight line diagonal track from Barnwell to Thomasville, GA), Hamilton county (Allen Jerry's brothers in 1850 and 1860, and Pasco county (where both Allen Jerry Gill settled, and his son, Miles ReDacy Gill, settled while his father was in prison). Any or all of these may have records on our family from c1831 on.

The Indian Connection

W.T. "John" Gill of Charlotte, NC wrote to me on 9 April 1985 that he was told by his Uncle Jim Gill that "Jerry's mother was killed by Indians and his grandmother was an Indian". This implies that Mary was killed by Indians, although these records suggest that it was Thomas instead. Perhaps one of you will find Florida records to clarify this point. A literal Indian "grandmother" would have been either Reddin Wilson's or John Gill's wife. Mildred Polk had also heard something about an Indian grandmother. Note the suggestions above that Reddin Wilson’s widow, Rebecca, was probably not the mother of Mary Wilson. These could have come from the same source. Mildred could not recall more on this point. According to Mrs. Hicks, Indian traders intermarried with the Indians, or to use the modern day euphemism, “lived with” them. The traders, she asserted, often kept a white family and an Indian family. Richard Jackson was in what is now Barnwell before 1769, and may have been involved in Indian trade. However, Richard Jackson does not seem to have been associated with our direct family line. Thomas Gill, son of James, may have had an Indian wife, or James himself. Most likely old David Gill was the culprit. We may never establish the validity or details of this nebulous recollection, but I think the Indian connection may be much older. I think, and it is little more than conjecture, you may read all these records and draw your own conclusions, that the “Indian Grandmother” was David Gill’s wife, or whatever (live-in squaw), the mother of old James Gill of Richland County. David Gill lived in Virginia, Northumberland County, precise location not known. The reason for this conjecture is that the Virginia Baptismal record of James Gill does not state a wife for David Gill. An Indian would have been persona non grata, and might not have been mentioned. Alternatively, David Gill's wife could have died in childbirth.


Note that there is a lot of "educated guessing" here. Only Allen Jerry Gill, William T. Gill, and James W. Gill , plus the father of Eliza Gill, born June 1874, neice of Allen Jerry Gill (whoever he is) are documented. Check the 1880 census for Eliza's father (I should here state that I have done so, and cannot yet find him). Mary Wilson Gill was alive until 1861 so these are presumably all her children

  1. Male Gill child born 1801-04 present in 1810 and 1820 census. His presence implies that Thomas was born <1780-3, if 21 when this child born. Mary Wilson is present with Reddin Wilson in 1800, but apparently not in 1810, so this could be her son, and not necessarily that of a first (different) wife.
  2. Elizabeth (Eliza) Gill born c1811 in S.C. (census) from the 1820 and 1830 censuses it may be concluded that she was born 1811 to 15. Her assumed mother, Mary Gill, is with her in the 1850 census in Telfair Co., Georgia, listed as "Elisa" with Samual Downing born c1783 NC, farmer. The presence of her mother is a strong indicator that this is a daughter. This is based upon the fact that there is no other possibility for Mary Wilson Gill anywhere else, and her children are known to be scattered in 1850. Barnwell records clearly state that Mary was alive somewhere, as she did not die until 1863. Eliza Downing is the only possibility, and she fits the census data acceptably! The search for Mary Gill in 1850 and 1860 is worth repeating with new census indices for 1850 and 1860.
    1. Renatus Downing (m) b c1832 SC.
    2. Samuel Downing b c1834 Lowndes Co., GA
    3. Susannah Downing b c1834 Lowndes Co.
    4. George Downing b c1835 Lowndes Co.
    5. Jackson Downing b c1836 Lowndes Co.
    6. William Downing b c1838 Telfair Co., GA
  3. Unknown female Gill. b1811-15. Three female Gills are present in the 1820 census, and only 2 show up thereafter, born 1811-15, so one presumably died or was married before 1830. If Drucilla and Eliza are correctly assigned (note again this is all guesswork), then there is only one missing daughter. It is remarkable just to have identified possibilities.
  4. Drucilla Gill (b.c1814). There are 3 female Gills present in the 1820 census, and only 2 show up thereafter, born 1811-15, so one presumably married before 1830, or died. One of these daughters could be Drucilla Gill (b.c1814) who first married (1838) Alfred Varnadoe in Telfair Co,GA. Alfred was the nephew of Nathaniel Varnadoe in Liberty Co, GA. They lived in Liberty Co, GA but Alfred died sometime between 1843-1848. Then she remarried to James Row/Rowe and lived in McIntosh Co, GA. There are other family members from Barnwell, SC. James Maulden (married Elizabeth Walker) listed as James Maulen in SC census. Also, Jacob Gray and his wife, Celia Maulden Gray, who is the sister of James Maulden. The Gray and Maulden families came to Barnwell, SC from Craven Co, NC. Jacob Gray is the son Israel Gray but was a minor when his father died. His older brother, William, was made guardian of Jacob and his other two younger brothers. Some people list William as the father, so I understand why they think he is since he took on that role. James and Celia Maulden are the children of Tucker Maulden, who died in 1805 in Craven Co, NC. (this information is all from Julie Johnson).
  5. Male Gill born 1811-15 present in the 1820 and 1830 censuses (either he or James W. Gill is present with "S.M. Gill” (before in 1840 in Fla.). (no suggestions for this one)
  6. James W. Gill, born c1818 died >1863<1870, is known to be a son from Barnwell Co., S.C. probate records. James was named for his great-great grandfather. He is present in the 1820 and 1830 census (and either he or male #5 in 1840) with an inferred birth range of 1816-20. James W. Gill is positively identified in the 1860 census in Hamilton County, Florida on the basis of children's names: 1. William, 2. Mary Ann, 3. Thomas, 4. James, 5. Jeremiah, and 6. Martha. This could only be more positive if Jeremiah was actually Allen Jerry! 1850, James W. Gill was in Hamilton county, Fla. farming, married to Mahaliah, who was born in Georgia c1828. Presumably he met her in Thomas County, or on one of their treks, and they moved to Florida between 1846 and 1848 (on the basis of census statement of where their children were born). In the 1860 census, he was in the same place with $600 in real estate, $400 personal, with the six children whose names I found so striking. Apparently James W. Gill died after 1 August 1863, when he was listed in Barnwell probate records as having received his distributive share of his mother's estate ($44.75), he may have been killed while serving with the confederate army (no record of this). His sons Jeremiah ("Jerry, Jr.") and Andrew were living with Allen Jerry Gill in the 1870 census (nephews). There may be a Confederate record of James. One Thomas Gill enlisted 4 March 1862 from Thomas County Georgia. This Thomas must have been another of the elder Thomas' sons (assumed to be #13), "detailed as a wagonner", taken as a POW, and died in a confederate hospital on 5 July 1864. Mixed in with Thomas' records is one for a James Gill, who was also a "wagonner" in June 1862. We may speculate that this was James W. Gill. Known Children of James W. Gill and Mahalia

    1. William (F.?) Gill b c1846 GA. Married a Spriggs or Fountain. One Known Child:
      1. William Franklin Gill b c1873 died in Jasper, Hamilton Co., FL. married c1891 Zilphia Cone born c1873 dau of Ed Cone and Holton. Zilphia died March 1929. Known Children:
        1. Willie Mae Gill was born in Madison, Madison County, Fl. April 5, 1893. Willie died October 1, 1953 in Live Oak, Suwanee County, Fl., at 60 years of age. She married Riley Monroe Moody in Jasper, Hamilton County, Fl., about 1912. Riley was born in Rocky Creek, Hamilton County, Fl. November 24, 1883. He was the son of Tom Moody and Easter Pink Rhoden. Riley died December 16, 1976 in Gainesville, Alachua County, Fl., at 93 years of age
        2. Effie Lee Gill was born in Madison, Madison County, Fl. 5 June 1895, died 11 October 1936 in Jasper, Hamilton County, Fl., at 41 years of age. She married Alonzo Eldon Folsom in Madison, Madison County, Fl., 4 April 1913. Alonzo was born in Madison, Madison County, Fl. 15 September 1895, the son of William Robert Folsom and Frances Elizabeth Jarvis. Alonzo died 29 November 1981 in Ocala, Marion County, Fl., at 86 years of age. Coley Scott found a National Archives entry on her that states one of her parents was Cherokee: Control Number 7NS-75-53A-6644, Record Group 75, Item 6644, Title: Five Civilized Tribes Enrollment for Effie Folsom, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Tribe Cherokee, Parent, Female, CensusCard Number: M1427. This is the line of Coley Scott.
        3. Hattie Gill was born September 25, 1897. Hattie died 1914 in Greenville, Fl
        4. William Fountain Gill was born February 23, 1899.
    2. Mary Ann Gill b c1848, Fla.
    3. Thomas Gill b c1851 Fla.
    4. James Gill b c1853 Fla.
    5. Jeremiah Gill ("Jerry") b c1856 Fla.
    6. Martha Gill b c1858 Fla.
    7. Andrew Gill b c1861. Fla.
  7. Female Gill born 1816-20 identified in the 1820 and 1830 census. Perhaps this is Julia Gill, 30 years of age (born c1820), listed with Patty Kersh, 60, in the Barnwell Co. census in 1850 page 430, although I haven’t a clue as to how Kersh’s are related to our family. They were neighbors.
  8. Thomas Gill born 1825, farmer born GA, 16th district Liberty County, GA 12 August 1850 (family 3,3). There are two apparent marriage records for him: Thomas GILL marr. Mrs. Mary ROWE - 21 Mar 1850; and Thomas GILL marr. Isabell WYLLY- 12 Jun 1851, Liberty County Marriages (1739-1865), Midway Congregational Church, Midway, Liberty Co, GA. Presumably Mary Rowe Gill died shortly after the census, and he remarried in 1851. The 1850 census shows wife Mary 35 born GA (who from the marriage record above was a widow Rowe), with children in 1850 (note the marriage record states that Mary Rowe was a widow, so these are children by her previous husband):
    1. James E. Rowe 15 GA (born 1835)
    2. Ayel? (Azel) B. Rowe 13 m. GA (born 1837)
    3. Sarah A.M. Rowe, 11 f GA (born 1839)
  9. William F. or T. Gill, c1826-(1863-66), was born c1826 in Georgia and is identified by proximity with James W. Gill in Hamilton County, Florida in the 1850 and 1860 censuses, and is listed in Barnwell probate records. The Barnwell probate record shows him as William "T." Gill, but the Florida land records clearly identify him as William F. Gill. Apparently the clerk neglected to cross the "F." He named his second born son James. William is present with Thomas in the 1830 census but not 1840, yielding a census birth range of 1826-30. It is not clear if William F. and Allen Jerry were twins or not; but they were very close in age. William was with James Hendry and family in the 1850 census in Hamilton Co., Fla. Could this be a brother in law? He appears in the same location married to Elizabeth (Coulter) b c1835 in the 1860 census. He was listed as farming with $1500 in real estate, and $1000 in personal estate, about twice the estate of his older brother, how did he manage that? Perhaps he inherited it through his wife, a time honored tradition! William F. Gill had two BLM land grants in 1860, 2 April 1860 and 1 October 1860. Since William "T." Gill is listed as having been paid his distributive share of his mother's estate ($44.75) on 1 August 1863, he was alive at that date. William Gill presumably died after 1863 and before 1866, when Elizabeth Coulter Gill, his widow, married second Archibald Hendry in 1866 (note that William Gill was living with James Hendry in 1850). He was definitely deceased by 1869 when his estate was probated in Hamilton Co. Archibald and Elizabeth moved down to the Polk/Manatee County Florida area and both are buried in the Ft. Green cemetery in Hardee County, Florida. Roland Carlton thinks he has found his grave: "I am still trying to find more on William F. Gill. I have located a grave of William Gill, west of Jasper, Fl. I am pretty sure it is his. It is unmarked on private property. Along with this grave is a Charity Gill and a Johnnie Gill, also unmarked. Johnnie Gill may have been his brother, #8 above." (FOC: Charity Gill may be the Charity Gill who appears in the Georgia census in 1830 in Screven Co., GA, just across the Savannah River from Allendale.) They are locateed about 7 miles south of where William and Elizabeth lived in Hamilton County. I have gotten a copy of the book of Cemeteries of Hamilton County, Fl. There is a Gill, Dora B-sept 6, 1892 D-Aug. 19, 1937 in another Cemetery. The William Gill information was supplied by a Mr. Goolsby (81 yrs. old in 2000) whom I have contacted but the only information he could supply was the three names. My next trip up I plan to visit more with him. According to family oral tradition, he served in the civil war, consistent with no children born after 1861. Children listed in the 1860 census.
    1. William Allen Gill born 8 Oct. 1854 FL married 13 May 1877 Mary Elizabeth Tucker, born 15 Nov. 1859.
      1. Jane Gill born c1877
      2. Genia Gill born 14 Feb. 1878 married Reliford Coker
      3. Alfred C. Gill born 22 Nov. 1879 married 13 June 1907 in Manatee Co. Ada Francis McLeod born 8 March 1883. This is the line of M.S. Branaman, R. Carlton, and E. Reschke.
      4. Callie Pink Gill born 19 March 1881 married Joseph Cordell
      5. William W. Gill born 2 July 1883 married Rosa Lee Bryant born 22 Feb. 1885
      6. Adell Gill born 13 Dec. 1885
      7. Walter M. Gill born 26 August 1887 married 8 Jan. 1916 Kate Odessa Roberts born 27 May 1890
      8. Judah Blanch (Judy) Gill b.30 Oct. 1889 married 31 Aug. 1912 Andrew Miller Tucker b. 10 Apr. 1885
      9. Sankey Gertrude Gill born 5 Feb. 1892 married Jessie Edgar Roberts born 1893
      10. Elam Emery Gill born 24 Oct. 1895 married Pearl Nola Bryant born 1895.
      11. Gabriel Webster Gill born 23 Nov. 1898 married 1st Leona Long born 1901, 2nd Lily Bryant
      12. John Marvin Gill born 1900 married Kattie Parrish born 1899
    2. James S. (F.) Gill b c1856 FL married 12 Aug. 1876 in Manatee Co. Sarah E. Norris
      1. Martha J. Gill born 8 May 1877
      2. W. Jessie Gill born 27 Mar. 1879 married Julius R. Hendry born 4 April 1887
      3. Bolar Gill born 10 July 1890
    3. Gabriel Hall Gill (Gabe)(male) b c1858 FL died 1928, public school teacher, married 4 Nov. 1880 in Manatee Co. Georgia Hendry born 18 June 1863 FL.
      1. Dora M. Gill b.1884 married 1st Wm. Vergil Alderman b.15 Mar. 1887, 2nd 1900 W.W. Rich born 1877.
      2. Pearl Gill born 1888 FL married Leslie R. Skipper born 1884
      3. Margaret Maud Gill born 28 June 1892 FL, married T.A. McEachern
      4. Lelia Gill born 1890, not with them in 1910 census, married Paul Stewart
      5. Freddie (Fred) Gill born 1898 FL married Rost Walker
      6. John E. (Johney) Gill born 21 Aug. 1900 married Edna Kennedy
    4. John Gill b1859
    5. George Hamilton Gill b1861 married Rebecca Jane Albritton
      1. Ben Hamilton Gill married Dovie Taylor
      2. Theodore Thomas Gill
      3. Ewell Harley Gill born 13 March 1898 died 1959 in DeSoto County (now Hardee Co.), FL
      4. William O. Gill
  10. Allen Jerry Gill born 24 July 1827 was present in the 1830 census but not in 1840 yielding a census birth range of 1826 to 1830. He was with his uncle, John Wilson, in Barnwell county, S.C. in 1850, and probably with him as well in 1840. Resided in Hampton Co., SC until 1886 when he removed to near Dade City, Pasco Co., FL, where he married second the widow Lizzie Mills. He had 12 children. Allen Jerry Gill died in 1904.
  11. Carolina Gill born c1829, 21 years of age in the 1850 census with a W.R. unintelligible in Edgefield Co. with a motley assortment of people. Was she a sister of Allen Jerry Gill's?
  12. Harriett Gill was born c1832 in Florida, and is identified in the 1850 census with her brother, James W. Gill, a little tenuous, admittedly, but a female is in the 1840 census with an implied census birth range of 1831-35.
  13. Martha Gill was born c1835 in Florida, as was Harriett. She is present in the 1840 census with an implied birth range of 1836-40. Martha appeared listed in the census with James W. Gill, and he named a daughter Martha.
  14. Edward Gill, born 1838 died 1895 (either he or James W. Gill is present with "S.M. Gill" in the 1840 census in Fla.). I believe this is Edward Gill, who had a land grant in Florida near James W., William F., and Allen J. Gill. Edward Gill had a BLM land grant in Hamilton Co., FL 1 April 1862 (so he was born before 1841). If he is the Edward Gill in the 1860 Hamilton Co. census, born 1838, married to Mary Gill born 1837, with son James Gill born 1853, then Edward was the last born, and the Thomas Gill of Thomas Co., GA belongs to somebody else. Edward Gill #A00073, 10 Regt. Inf., Wife: Nepsey Cheshire, Hamilton County, Florida 1903--8 pages in file (thanks to Ceya Minder)
    1. James Gill born 1853

Return to Index

The 1900 census shows Allen Jerry Gill on a farm in Pasco County, Florida, District 2 (outside of Dade City), 73 years old, owning his farm free of mortgage. Living with him was a niece, Eliza Gill, 26 years old, born June 1874. Eliza, as neice, was the daughter of one of his brothers. William T. Gill died between 1863 and 1866, and James W. Gill before 1870. What brother was her father?????? Documented clues this good are hard to come by in this family. We need to follow this one up! I think this has to be one of these two following who are unidentified: Can we find a Gill in the 1880 census, with daughter Eliza age 6, who fits one of these birth ranges, either born: 1. Male Gill child born 1801-04 present in 1810 and 1820 census. His presence implies that Thomas was born <1780-3, if 21 when this child born. Mary Wilson is present with Reddin Wilson in 1800, but apparently not in 1810, so this could be her son, and not necessarily that of a first (different) wife. This son would have been c72 when Eliza was born! 5. Male Gill born 1811-15 present in the 1820 and 1830 censuses (either he or James W. Gill is present with "S.M. Gill" (before in 1840 in Fla.). {I believe this is Edward Gill??} This one would have been c62 when she was born! I think this has to be male child #14, who I have identified with Edward Gill, who reputedly died in 1895. He may have Civil War pension records late enough to identify Eliza as his daughter. If so, this would document one more child. However this turns out, if it can be documented, this will make an interesting addition to our sparsely documented family.

Hopewell Cemetery, Hampton Co., SC. unknown markers

1. "MOTHER" Annie G. Gill Sept 15 1872 died June 6 1923 (no idea who she is)

2. Robert Ivey Gill Nov. 29 1896, Feb. 24 1947.

I originally thought this was a son of Thomas and Mary, but the birth state does not agree, and the Thomas Gill record suggested by Julie Johnson is a better fit. Remember, there are only three documented children at this point. The rest is educated guesswork. This man fits into our family somehow, but I am not sure how at the moment.

  1. John C. Gill b c1825 "SC.", farmer in Hamilton Co., Fla. in 1860, $00 real, $100 personal, married Nancy b c1824 SC. (in census listed as male born 1821 to 1825 present in the 1830 census, but not 1840). Presumably the "Johnnie Gill" refered to in the William T. Gill record above.

    1. John C. Gill. born c1845 appears in Thomas Co., GA in the 1870 census at 25, $350/$5000 born in Fla. with his wife Mary F., 28 (or 22), and daughter Rossie (?) 4, all born in Fla. He seems to have done well for himself. Perhaps his wife inherited this wealth?

      1. Rossie? Gill born c1866

    2. Jane Gill b c1850 SC.

    3. Andrew Gill b c1853 SC.

    4. Laura Gill b c1856 SC.


If you have errors, corrections, further information, or for further information ,on this family, contact "Frank O. Clark, Ph.D."

Copyright ©1996-2015, Frank O. Clark, Ph.D.. These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same.

Return to John Gill of Allendale
Return to Thomas Gill of the Congarees
Return to James Gill, Senior
Return to David Gill
Return to Gill state selection page.
Return to Gill home page.